Monday, May 10, 2010


He  is the symbol of the heroism of the youth of India. A  revolutionary He threw a bomb when the Legislature was in session to  warn the British Government. He was put to death but lives in the hearts  of his countrymen.
Bhagath  Singh
One evening a boy of three was out for  a walk with his father. There was also an elderly man with the father.  Chatting they walked on and went beyond the village. Green crop  delighted the eyes. The elders were walking along the edge of a field.  Not hearing the footsteps of the boy, the father looked back. The boy  was sitting on the ground and seemed to be planting some thing. The  father became curious.
"What are you doing?" said he.
"Look,  father, I shall grow guns all over the field" was the innocent reply of  the boy. His eyes shone with the strong faith that guns would grow in  the field. Both the elders were struck with wonder at the little boy's  words.
The boy was Bhagat Singh who later fought like a hero for India's  freedom and sacrificed his life.
BirthBanga was a village in Layalpura district of Punjab province.  A brave man, Sardar Kishan Singh by name, lived there. Vidya vati was  his wife. Kishan Singh's family was noted for bravery and love of  adventure. Many heroes of his family had fought to free India  from the British. Such   fighters are called revolutionaries. Kishan  Singh too was a revolutionary. His younger brothers, Ajit Singh and  Swaran Singh, too, had fought to drive the British out of India.  Kishan Singh, Ajit Singh and Swaran Singh had all been sent to prison by  the Government.
In those days such a revolution hadspread all  over the country. People were full of determination to win freedom. It  was at such a time that Bhagat Singh was born (on September 28, 1907).  He was the third son of Sardar Kishan Singh and Vidyavati. At the same  time, Kishan Singh and the Uncle Swaran Singh were freed from the jail.  It was learnt that another uncle of his, Ajit Singh, too, would be  freed. As he thus brought good fortune to his family the child was named  Bhagat Singh. 'Bhagat Singh' means 'the fortunate'.
A Friend to All
Bhagat was a  lovely child. His smile was charming. People used to say that he would  become very famous.
His mother Vidyavati's life had been full of  sorrow right from the beginning. The revolutionary husband would always  be away. Always lurking in Vidyavati's mind was the fear that he might  at any time be sent to jail. It was a family of fighters for freedom and  one or the other would always be in jail. Vidyavati herself had to look  after the affairs of the family. At such anxious times, her children  were her only comfort. They were intelligent and brave and this made her  forget her misery. Bhagat Singh was her favorite.
Bhagat Singh  was admitted to the primary school. From his childhood he was highly  interested in studies. He was ahead of the others in his class. He used  to write a beautiful hand. He was the favorite pupil of his teachers.  Very much liked by his class- mates, he was their leader. Big boys used  to carry Bhagat Singh on their shoulders to the school and back home.  His childhood itself indicated that later he would become a leader of  revolutionaries.
Bhagat Singh easily made friends with one and  all. His companions were naturally his friends. But cartmen and coolies,  and the very men who swept the streets were his friends.
Once  clothes had to be stitched Bhagat Singh. The old tailors who stitched  clothes delivered them at the house and went away. "Who is that who  brought the clothes?" asked mother, Vidyavati."My friend," replied  Bhagat Singh.
"What! Is the tailor, too, your friend?"
Vidyavati  asked, surprised.
"Yes, every one in the village is my friend"  was Bhagat Singh's reply.
Thus the ability to win the hearts of  men grew in Bhagat Singh right from his childhood.
The Lion's Cub
Bhagat Singh  had two uncles. Of them, Swaran Singh had again been sent to prison by  the British. Life in prison was wretched and he fell ill. His health did  not improve even after his release and he died. When Ajit Singh came  out of the jail, he left the country. Bhagat Singh's aunts would often  recall their husbands' misery,   and lament over it. Seeing this, Bhagat
Singh  would bravely say, "Don't weep, aunt. When I grow up, I will drive out  the British and bring back my uncle. I will take revenge upon the  British who are the cause for my uncle's illness." On hearing the heroic  words of the little boy, the weeping women would burst into laughter.  At least for the moment they would forget their sorrow.
When he  was in the fourth class, Bhagat Singh asked his classmates, "What do you  wish to become when you grow up?"
Each boy gave a different  answer. "I intend becoming a doctor," said one. Another said, "I will be  a government officer." Still another would become a merchant; while  another 'would marry'. Bhagat Singh remarked, "is marriage a big  achievement? Anybody can marry. On the other hand, I will drive the  British out of India."
Thus  patriotism flowed in his veins from the days of his childhood.
By  the time he completed his secondary education, Bhagat Singh knew  everything about the revolutionaries of his family. He had read all the  records about them at home. And the desire to fight for the country's  freedom grew strong in him.
Bhagat Singh finished his primary  education at Banga. Next he went to Lahore to join a secondary school. The   patriot Kishan Singh did not want to admit his son to a school run by  the followers of the British. So Bhagat Singh continued his studies in a  private school.
Bhagat Singh was a village boy. His father was  afraid he would lag behind in his studies. So he engaged a teacher to  teach him at home. But within two days the teacher saw how intelligent  the boy was. "What can I teach this boy?He has already learnt  everything," said the teacher to Kishan Singh.
Bhagat Singh took  to his studies with great zeal. His teachers wondered at his  intelligence. He scored good marks in subjects like history, geography  and arithmetic. But he had a bad score in English - 68 out of 150! It  must have been because he had always hated the British! His words in his  letter to his grandfather are really interesting: "My score in English  is 68 out of 150. A score of 50 is enough for a pass.Thus I have passed  with credit." That was how the clever boy stated his low score in a  round about manner.
A Spark of  Revolution
It was the year 1919. A very tragic event  happened in India  that year.British soldiers opened fire on a gathering in Jallianwala  Bagh, and kept up the fire for quite some time. There was no way of  escape for the
people. Countless persons -grown-up men, women and  little children -fell down dead. Blood flowed like a stream. The event  caused terror and anger in the minds of people all over the country. The  tragedy drew the attention of the entire world.
Bhagat Singh was  then twelve years old; his mind was deeply disturbed by this event. The  next day he did not return home after the school hours. His people at  home waited and waited and grew anxious.
Instead of going to  school, Bhagat Singh went straight to the place of the tragedy. Somehow  managing to push through the police on guard, he went in. He collected a  bottle of mud wet with the blood of Indians and returned home. Seeing  that he was late, his younger sister said, "Where were you all this  time? Mother has been waiting to give you something to eat." But Bhagat  Singh was not at all thinking of food. Showing the bottle in his hand,  he said, "Look here. This is the blood of ourpeople killed by the  British. Salute this."
Then he put the bottle in a niche a  worshipped it with flowers.
The people who had assembled in  Jallianwala Bagh carried no weapons. Nor was there a way to escape from  the place. And these people were killed by the British bullets! Such  were the thoughts working in the mind of Bhagat Singh. The feeling that  somehow the British must be driven out of India became firmer.
"  That was the time when the Indian National Congress was fighting for  the country's freedom. It awakened the  people's love for their country  and was uniting the people. Even before entering the ninth class, Bhagat  Singh decided to take up this work. He was only thirteen.Bhagat Singh  told his father of his decision and asked for his permission. Himself a  revolutionary, Kishan Singh willingly gave his consent. Bhagat Singh  left the school and joined the movement.
At that time, there was a  powerful anti- foreign cloth movement in the country. If foreign cloth  is bought, other countries are benefited. In order to end this, we have  to wear cloth made in our country. Foreign cloth must be burnt - so the  leaders taught. Bhagat Singh took part in this movement with zeal. Right  from his early days, he  used to wear only Khadi. With what zeal he  helped the cause of homemade cloth and burnt foreign cloth! Every week  he would collect foreign clothes, heap them up and burn them.

The First Step
In 1922, the  Congress organized a procession in the town of Chauri chaura in Gorakhpur District.  Then some rogues locked up twenty-two policemen together in a house, set  fire to the house and burnt them. Before this, similar acts of violence  had occurred even in Bombay  andMadras. Mahatma Gandhi felt very sad at all this. He asked the  people to end the non- cooperation movement which was then going on in  the country.That was a great disappointment to young Bhagat Singh, a lad  of fifteen. Should an important movement be given up, just because 22  persons died? Before that, a nineteen-year-old revolutionary by name  Kartar Singh had been hanged by the British Govemment. Then none of  these supporters of nonviolence raised any objection. How could  nonviolence become so important now? Such thoughts weakened Bhagat  Singh's faith in   non - violence and non-cooperation movements. He went  on firmly believing that armed revolution was the only practical way of  winning freedom.
He made a deep study of the lives of the  revolutionaries of IrelandItaly and Russia.  The more he read, the deeper grew his belief that war alone could bring  freedom. The youth of the land should be inspired to turn to  revolution. The very thought of fighting for freedom should thrill the  young men. So thinking, Bhagat Singh began to organize the youth.
To  continue his studies, Bhagat Singh joined the National College.  This college had been started by great patriots like Lala Lajpat Ray.  Though he had not been to school for some years, Bhagat Singh had a good  knowledge of history and politics. The Principal was astonished and  permitted him to join the college straight away.
During the day he  would listen to the lessons in the class. In the evening he would  collect several friends and discuss the coming revolution. This became  his daily routine.
At college, Bhagat Singh took part in several  plays.A teacher who saw him in the leading roles in 'RanaPratap',   'Samrat  Chandragupta'  and   'Bharata-durdasha' remarked, "This boy  will become a great man."
'No  Marriage for Me'
Bhagat Singh did not confine himself  to the study of books. The more he learnt about revolution, the greater  grew his desire to participate in it. Bengal,  the home of revolution, caught his attention. He established contact  with the revolutionary party of the province. The leader of the party  was Sachindranath Sanyal. Every member of the party had to accept one  condition. At the call of its leader, he had to be ready to quit home  and join him. Bhagat Singh agreed.Bhagat Singh's grandmother insisted  that he should get married. So a girl was chosen. A day was fixed for  the formal decision.
The day was fast approaching. But just then  the leader of the revolution called him. Bhagat Singh left home and went  to Lahore.  For sometime thereafter, nobody knew where he went.
Before  leaving home, Bhagat Singh wrote a letter; he said, "The aim of my life  is to fight for India's  freedom. I don't wish for worldly pleasures. At the time of my  Upanayanam (the initiation ceremony among the Hindus), my uncle had  taken a sacred promise from me; I promised to sacrifice myself for the  sake of the country. Accordingly I am now giving up my own happiness and  going out to serve the country."
Bhagat Singh reached Kanpur. First he  earned his bread there by selling news papers. Then he came to know a  revolutionary by name Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi. He got a job in the  office of his periodical 'The Pratap'. And he also learnt his first  lessons as a revolutionary. Revolutionaries generally change their names  so that people may not know them Bhagat Singh became Balawant Singh.
At  home Bhagat Singh's parents were much worried about their son. His  grand- mother, then seriously ill, was very eager to see her grandson.  His people searched for him and brought him back.
In The Stream of Revolution
Even  at home, Bhagat Singh could not sit idle. At that time the Akali Dal  arranged a procession. But in order to prevent it, the District  Collector Dil Bagh Singh issued an order: Nobody should supply either  food or drink to the members of the Akali Dal.
Even at home,  Bhagat Singh could not sit idle. At that time the Akali Dal arranged a  procession. But in order'-to prevent it, the District Collector Dil Bagh  Singh issued an order: Nobody should supply either food
or drink  to the members of the Akali Dal.
The Collector who issued the  order belonged to Bhagat Singh's family. But being a government officer,  he hated the revolutionaries.
Bhagat Singh thought of helping the  Akali Dal people visiting his village. Heexplained the situation to the  villagers and arranged to supply food secretly to the Akali Dal people  at night. Thus a week passed. The Dal's program went on continuously and  successfully. Throughout the day, there used to be talks on the  country's freedom and the duty of the people. Bhagat Singh also used to  speak.
The Collector grew angry that the people had helped the Dal  against his orders, He issued a warrant to arrest Bhagat Singh. Then  Bhagat Singh was only seventeen. So he was a minor and could not be  arrested.
The Collector grew angrier. "Bhagat Singh may be too  young but his brain is not too young!" he grumbled.

Arrest and Release
Bhagat  Singh was a fountain of zeal. His village was too small for his  activities. He went to Lahore.  There a union of revolutionaries by name 'Naujavan Bharat Sabha' was  founded. Bhagat Singh became the Secretary.
Like the Kranti Dal in  Bengal, the new union started teaching lessons of revolution to the  people of Punjab. Outwardly its objects  were to spread Indian culture, to make the youth strong and so on. But  the real purpose was to bring about a revolution for the country's  freedom.
Within a few days, it started branches in different  places. The celebration of the birthdays of revolutionaries became an  important part of the program of the union. The members would take out  pictures of revolutionaries, decorated with Khadi garlands, in  processions. They would cut  their fingers and put a mark of blood on  the foreheads of the heroes in thepictures. They would lecture about  them. It was in these days that Bhagat Singh gained good practice in  public speaking. Within a few days he became a good speaker. He got into  touch with the students' unions of colleges. He spread the message of  revolution everywhere.By this time, Bhaaat Singh had caught the eye of  the police. His movements were carefully watched by spies.
Once,  as he was just leaving the train at Amritsar, the spies followed Bhagat  Singh. Trying to escape from them, he began to fun. But where ever he  went he could not escape. At last he rushed into a lawyer's house and  escaped from the police. Then he traveled to Lahore. When the train reached Lahore, he was  caught by the police and pushed into the Lahore Fort Jail.
Bhagat  Singh did not know why he was arrested. A few days earlier some rogues  had thrown a bomb on procession during the Dussara Festival.It killed  some people. The police suspected the  hand of revolutionaries in it.  That was why they arrested Bhagat Singh and pushed him into jail. To  find out the secrets of other revolutionaries, they tortured him in many  ways. They flogged him with a knot and gored with a spear. But Bhagat  Singh did not open his mouth.
Finally, a Magistrate decided that  Bhagat Singh could be released only on a bail of sixty thousand rupees  who would be prepared to bear such a responsibility? Yet, out of sheer  affection for Bhagat Singh, two rich persons came forward. They were  Duneechand and Daulatram. On their surety, Bhagat Singh was set free.
If  Bhagat Singh participated inrevolutionary activities during the period  of bail, the two wealthy men would have to pay sixty thousand rupees to  the Government. Bhagat Singh did not wish that others should be troubled  on his account. That was why he decided to keep quiet during the period  of bail. At this time his father built a cowshed in his native place,  so that Bhagat Singh could run a small diary. Bhagat Singh took up that  work in earnest.
Every day he got up at four. Then he fed the  cows, removed the cowdung and cleaned the shed. Next he milked the cows  and sold the milk. It was all systematic, and tidily done. Whatever he  undertook Bhagat Singh did a good job.
The entire day he was busy  with his dairy, but the night brought thoughts ofrevolution. He joined  his friends for discussions. At the same time, he got into touch with  the newspapers, 'Kirtee' and 'Akalee'. He wrote articles for them. A  journal brought out a special issue to honor fighters who had been  hanged; Bhagat Singh himself introduced some of the revolutionaries.
The  Dussara Bomb case involving Bhagat Singh was still going on. ' At last  he was released. He was not even on bail. At once Bhagat Singh closed  the milk center. He returned to work for the revolution. After
attending  a meeting of revolutionaries in Delhi in 1928, he never returned home.
In Delhi,  Chandrasekhar Azad, a young revolutionary, was introduced to Bhagat  Singh. It was as if fire and wind were united. The activities of the  revolutionaries gained new strength. Bhagat Singh removed his beard and  had a closer crop, so that the police might not recognize him. All these  days he had been a hero of the Sikhs; he now became a national hero.
There  was a revolutionary party called the 'Hindustan Prajatantra Sangha'  (The Indian Republic Party). The name was changed to 'Hindustan  Samajvadi Prajatantra Sangha' (The Indian Socialist Republican Party).  Its aim was to establish a republic in India by means of an armed  revolution.
When a bomb is thrown to the ground, it explodes  causing a deafening sound, and destroys everything near-by. The  revolutionaries needed any number of bombs to drive out the British. But  where could they get them? Bhagat Singh went to Calcutta to learn to make bombs. There  he
bought as many bombs as he needed. He also learnt from  Jatindranath Das, a revolutionary, how to make bombs.
The  revolutionaries set up a factory secretly at Agra to make bombs. But how could they  get the money they needed? Sometimes for three days together they lived  only on a cup of tea. They did not have beds or rugs though it was  biting cold. They were starving. And all the while the thought of the  police plagued them. In the midst of all this they went on with their  sacred work. And, for money they would sometimes loot government off  ices.
At last they could make bombs. The bombs were tested at  Jhansi Fort. The test was a success.
In February 1928, a committee  from England visited  India.  It came to be known as the Simon Commission. The purpose of its visit  was to decide how much freedom and responsibility could be given to the  people of India.  But there was no Indian on the committee. Naturally Indians were very  angry. They decided to make it
impossible for the Commission to  work. They decided to drive it back to England. Wherever the  committee went, people protested with black flags, shouting "Simon, go  back."
When the Simon Commission reached Lahore in October, it had to face a  big procession opposed to it.'Naujavan Bharat Sabha' arranged the  procession. Thousands of people took part in it. Its leader was the  elderly patriot, Lala Lajpat Ray. Trouble started near the railway  station itself. The revolutionaries did not allow the Simon Commission  to proceed. The police could not protect the members. By that time, the  Police Superintendent, one Scott by name, ordered a lathicharge. The  police began to beat people with heavy sticks. People started running.  But Lajpat Ray and his companions did not move. A police officer by name  Saunders
rushed forward and hit Lajpat Ray on the chest. It was a  powerful blow. Lajpat Ray was old and he was ill. The blow brought him  death. He suffered for a month and died.
In his death,  the revolutionaries suffered a heavy loss. They decided that they should  take revenge and that they should kill Scott who ordered the  lathi-charge. They thought of a plan. A revolutionary by name Jaya-  gopal was to observe Scott's movements. Bhagat Singh and Rajguru were to  shoot him. They had to plan carefully their escape. So much was planned  under the leadership of Chandrasekhara Azad.
But in the beginning  itself, a small mistake was committed. Jayagopal mistook Saunders for  Scott.
The appointed day came. That evening Saunders came out of  the police station and got on his motor bicycle. Jayagopal who was  behind made a sign. Bhagat Singh and Rajguru were waiting on the way. As  the motor bicycle neared Rajguru shot at Saunders from his pistol. At  once Bhagat Singh also fired. A bullet struck the
chest of the  man who had struck Lajpat Ray's chest with a heavy stick; Saunders fell  down dead. Bhagat Singh and Rajguru ran away. The police chased them.  Both of them rushed into a lodge near-by. Then they escaped from the  place.
The whole city was filled with the news of Saunders'  murder. The police spies began a search for the murderers all over the  city.
Next day posters appeared on the walls in all the streets of  Lahore.  They declared, "Lala Lajpat Ray's death is avenged. Saunders has been  murdered." Besides, there were some words of caution addressed to the  Government. The posters also contained the name of The Hindustan  Samajvadi Prajatantra Sena (The Indian Socialist Republican Army) in red  letters. So every one could know who were behind the murder of  Saunders, The people's respect for the Kranti Dal grew. Saunders' murder  shook the British Government.
Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Chandra  sekhara Azad all three escaped from Lahore. Bhagat Singh dressed himself as  a foreign youth and wore a hat. Durga Bhabhi, the wife of a  revolutionary by name
Bhagavaticharan, and their child followed  Bhagat Singh, so that people would think they were Bhagat Singh's wife  and child. These three traveled by train in a first class compartment.  Rajguru left the place disguised as an ordinary worker. Azad traveled as  a pundit (scholar). The railway station was filled with eagle-eyed  spies; but all the three went away.
A Bomb Bursts
The police searched  and searched for Bhagat Singh and Rajguru, but could not find them.  Three months passed. In April 1929, the Central Legislative Assembly met  in Delhi.  The British Government wanted to place before the Assembly two bills  which were likely to harm the country's interests. Even if the Assembly  rejected them, the Viceroy could use his special powers and approve  them, and they would become laws. The Hindustan Samajvadi Prajatantra  Sena (The Indian Socialist Republican Army) decided to resist the move.  Of course, the revolutionaries escaped after Saunders' murder. But the  people of Lahore  were subjected to torture by the police. The Sena decided that such a  thing should not happen again. The revolu- tionaries must oppose the  British and court arrest. They must see that the objects of the  Prajatantra Sena were explained to the people all over the country. With  this object in view, the Sena resolved to send Bhagat Singh and  Batukeshwar Dutt to Delhi.  Both of them were to go there, throw a bomb in the Legislative Assembly  and, get arrested. For this purpose two harm- less bombs were made. On  the 8th of April 1929 the two men took the bombs and entered the  Assembly Hall. They sat in the visitors' gallery.The session commenced.  The bills were placed before the Assembly by the Government. The members  rejected them. In the end, a member of the Government began an  announcement that the Viceroy had exercised his special powers. At once,  a bomb fell from, above and exploded causing a fearful sound.  Immediately another bomb fell. There were sounds of shooting, too. The  entire hall was filled with smoke. People ran helter skelter. Some were  so frightened that they fell down unconscious. By that time, red  pamphlets fell from the visitors' gallery. In them, particulars of  Prajatantra Sena (the Republican Army) were given and the Government was  condemned. The Hall was filled with the slogan, 'Long Live Revolution!'  The police rushed to the spot. Only Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt  were there. They were holding pistols. Afraid of them, the police moved  back. But both threw down their pistols and got them hand- cuffed. The  bombs thrown into the Assembly Hall killed no one.Four or five  personsreceived very minor injuries; that was all. It was not the  revolutionaries' object to kill any body. The incident drew the  attention of the entire world. The Kranti Dal's name became a household  word. The British Government trembled. After the incident, the  Government got scent of the factory at Lahore. The Government seized enough  material to make seven thousand bombs. Another big factory at  Shaharanpur too was discovered by the Government. Within a few days,  most of the leaders of the Kranti Dal were arrested. The Government  filed a case against them, accusing them of executing the LahoreLahore. plot.  Bhagat Singh and his companions were kept in prison in
A Welcome to Death
The  trial of the accused commenced. In those days political prisoners were  not treated properly in the jail. They were not given proper food. They  were made to suffer in every possible way. Bhagat Singh and his  companions decided to fight against the wretched conditions. Bhagat  Singh was sure of being hanged. But he thought at least the other  political. Prisoners could benefit. All the revolu- tionaries went on  fast. They fasted for two months. Then the Government said it would  consider their demands. Some gave up the fast. But Jatin Das did not. He  did not listen to anybody. On the 64th day of his fast, he died. Bhagat  Singh fasted for thirty-two days thereafter. The trial of Bhagat Singh  and hiscompanions began; it drew the attention of the whole world. The  court was heavily guarded by the police. No spectators were allowed  inside the court. The prisoners were brought to the court in chains.  They used to shout 'Long Live Revolution I' and only then enter the  court hall. Bhagat Singh and BatukeshwarDutt stated, "If the deaf are to  hear, the sound has to be very loud. When we dropped thebomb, it was  not our intention to kill anybody. We have bombed the British  Government. The 
British must quit India and make her free."  They also explained the objects of their association. The whole world  came to understand their aim and activitiesbecause of the press reports.  Finally judgment was given. Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru were to  be hanged; some were to undergo lifeimprisonment; some were to be kept  in jail for five years, some for seven, some for ten years.
Bhagat  Singh was to be hanged! When the news spread, the people all over the  country were mad with rage. Thousands of appeals were sent to the  Government, pleading that he should be saved. Several leaders of public  life joined in the appeal. But all attempts failed. It was decided to  hang them on the 24th of March 1931. Even the members of the prisoners'  families were hot allowed to meet them. Moreover, Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev  and Rajguru were hanged a day before the appointed day, that is, on  March 23rd. Even on the day of their hanging they were fearless. They  were cheerful. They com- peted with one another to be hanged first. It  was decided that first Sukhdev would be hanged and then Bhagat Singh and  finally Rajguru. All the three climbed the platform. Kissing the rope,  they themselves put it round their neck. They died with the name of  Bharat Mata on their lips. Such was the end of the three champions of  freedom. That day no one in the jail touched food. Everyone was in  tears. The next day, not knowing that the three prisoners had already  been hanged, their relatives came to meet them. But it was all over with  them. The dead bodies of the martyrs had been secretly burnt on the  bank of the river Sutlej. Getting a  clue thousands of people raced to the spot; but only the ashes remained.  The people sobbed, with the ashes in their hands. All over the country  tributes were paid to the heroes who fought for freedom and sacrificed  their lives.Hundreds of songs werecomposed and sung about the martyrdom  of Bhagat Singh. Even today, the heroic spirit of Bhagat Singh is an  unfailing source of inspiration to the youth of the country. His  courage, spirit of adventure and patriotism are an example to one and  all.

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